`(scheme comparator)`

This library is based on SRFI-128.

A comparator is an object of a disjoint type. It is a bundle of procedures that are useful for comparing two objects either for equality or for ordering. There are four procedures in the bundle:

The type test predicate returns #t if its argument has the correct type to be passed as an argument to the other three procedures, and #f otherwise.

The equality predicate returns #t if the two objects are the same in the sense of the comparator, and #f otherwise. It is the programmer's responsibility to ensure that it is reflexive, symmetric, transitive, and can handle any arguments that satisfy the type test predicate.

The comparison procedure returns -1, 0, or 1 if the first object precedes the second, is equal to the second, or follows the second, respectively, in a total order defined by the comparator. It is the programmer's responsibility to ensure that it is reflexive, weakly antisymmetric, transitive, can handle any arguments that satisfy the type test predicate, and returns 0 iff the equality predicate returns #t.

The hash function takes one argument, and returns an exact non-negative integer. It is the programmer's responsibility to ensure that it can handle any argument that satisfies the type test predicate, and that it returns the same value on two objects if the equality predicate says they are the same (but not necessarily the converse).

It is also the programmer's responsibility to ensure that all four procedures provide the same result whenever they are applied to the same object(s) (in the sense of eqv?), unless the object(s) have been mutated since the last invocation. In particular, they must not depend in any way on memory addresses in implementations where the garbage collector can move objects in memory.

B> Limitations: The comparator objects defined in this library are not B> applicable to circular structure or to NaNs or objects containing B> them. Attempts to pass any such objects to any procedure defined B> here, or to any procedure that is part of a comparator defined B> here, is an error except as otherwise noted.

`(comparator? obj)`

Returns #t if obj is a comparator, and #f otherwise.

`(comparator-comparison-procedure? comparator)`

Returns #t if comparator has a supplied comparison procedure, and #f otherwise.

`(comparator-hash-function? comparator)`

Returns #t if comparator has a supplied hash function, and #f otherwise.

`boolean-comparator`

Compares booleans using the total order #f < #t.

`char-comparator`

Compares characters using the total order implied by char<?. On R6RS and R7RS systems, this is Unicode codepoint order.

`char-ci-comparator`

Compares characters using the total order implied by char-ci<? On R6RS and R7RS systems, this is Unicode codepoint order after the characters have been folded to lower case.

`string-comparator`

Compares strings using the total order implied by string<?. Note that this order is implementation-dependent.

`string-ci-comparator`

Compares strings using the total order implied by string-ci<?. Note that this order is implementation-dependent.

`symbol-comparator`

Compares symbols using the total order implied by applying symbol->string to the symbols and comparing them using the total order implied by string<?. It is not a requirement that the hash function of symbol-comparator be consistent with the hash function of string-comparator, however.

`exact-integer-comparator`

`integer-comparator`

`rational-comparator`

`real-comparator`

`complex-comparator`

`number-comparator`

These comparators compare exact integers, integers, rational numbers, real numbers, complex numbers, and any numbers using the total order implied by <. They must be compatible with the R5RS numerical tower in the following sense: If S is a subtype of the numerical type T and the two objects are members of S , then the equality predicate and comparison procedures (but not necessarily the hash function) of S-comparator and T-comparator compute the same results on those objects.

Since non-real numbers cannot be compared with <, the following least-surprising ordering is defined: If the real parts are < or >, so are the numbers; otherwise, the numbers are ordered by their imaginary parts. This can still produce surprising results if one real part is exact and the other is inexact.

`pair-comparator`

This comparator compares pairs using default-comparator (see below) on their cars. If the cars are not equal, that value is returned. If they are equal, default-comparator is used on their cdrs and that value is returned.

`list-comparator`

This comparator compares lists lexicographically, as follows:

The empty list compares equal to itself.

The empty list compares less than any non-empty list.

Two non-empty lists are compared by comparing their cars. If the cars are not equal when compared using default-comparator (see below), then the result is the result of that comparison. Otherwise, the cdrs are compared using list-comparator.

`vector-comparator`

`bytevector-comparator`

These comparators compare vectors and bytevectors by comparing their lengths. A shorter argument is always less than a longer one. If the lengths are equal, then each element is compared in turn using default-comparator (see below) until a pair of unequal elements is found, in which case the result is the result of that comparison. If all elements are equal, the arguments are equal.

If the implementation does not support bytevectors, bytevector-comparator has a type testing procedure that always returns #f.

`default-comparator`

This is a comparator that accepts any two Scheme values (with the exceptions listed in the Limitations section) and orders them in some implementation-defined way, subject to the following conditions:

The following ordering between types must hold: the empty list precedes pairs, which precede booleans, which precede characters, which precede strings, which precede symbols, which precede numbers, which precede vectors, which precede bytevectors, which precede all other objects.

When applied to pairs, booleans, characters, strings, symbols, numbers, vectors, or bytevectors, its behavior must be the same as pair-comparator, boolean-comparator, character-comparator, string-comparator, symbol-comparator, number-comparator, vector-comparator, and bytevector-comparator respectively. The same should be true when applied to an object or objects of a type for which a standard comparator is defined elsewhere.

Given disjoint types a and b, one of three conditions must hold:

All objects of type a compare less than all objects of type b.

All objects of type a compare greater than all objects of type b.

All objects of either type a or type b compare equal to each other. This is not permitted for any of the standard types mentioned above.

`(make-comparator type-test equality compare hash)`

Returns a comparator which bundles the type-test, equality, compare, and hash procedures provided. As a convenience, the following additional values are accepted:

If type-test is #t, a type-test procedure that accepts any arguments is provided.

If equality is #t, an equality predicate is provided that returns #t iff compare returns 0.

If compare or hash is #f, a procedure is provided that signals an error on application. The predicates comparator-comparison-procedure? and/or comparator-hash-function?, respectively, will return #f in these cases.

`(make-inexact-real-comparator epsilon rounding nan-handling)`

Returns a comparator that compares inexact real numbers including NaNs as follows: if after rounding to the nearest epsilon they are the same, they compare equal; otherwise they compare as specified by <. The direction of rounding is specified by the rounding argument, which is either a procedure accepting two arguments (the number and epsilon, or else one of the symbols floor, ceiling, truncate, or round.

The argument nan-handling specifies how to compare NaN arguments to non-NaN arguments. If it is a procedure, the procedure is invoked on the other argument if either argument is a NaN. If it is the symbol min, NaN values precede all other values; if it is the symbol max, they follow all other values, and if it is the symbol error, an error is signaled if a NaN value is compared. If both arguments are NaNs, however, they always compare as equal.

`(make-list-comparator element-comparator)`

`(make-vector-comparator element-comparator)`

`(make-bytevector-comparator element-comparator)`

These procedures return comparators which compare two lists, vectors, or bytevectors in the same way as list-comparator, vector-comparator, and bytevector-comparator respectively, but using element-comparator rather than default-comparator.

If the implementation does not support bytevectors, the result of invoking make-bytevector-comparator is a comparator whose type testing procedure always returns #f.

`(make-listwise-comparator type-test element-comparator empty? head tail)`

Returns a comparator which compares two objects that satisfy type-test as if they were lists, using the empty? procedure to determine if an object is empty, and the head and tail procedures to access particular elements.

`(make-vectorwise-comparator type-test element-comparator length ref)`

Returns a comparator which compares two objects that satisfy type-test as if they were vectors, using the length procedure to determine the length of the object, and the ref procedure to access a particular element.

`(make-car-comparator comparator)`

Returns a comparator that compares pairs on their cars alone using comparator.

`(make-cdr-comparator comparator)`

Returns a comparator that compares pairs on their cdrs alone using comparator.

`(make-pair-comparator car-comparator cdr-comparator)`

Returns a comparator that compares pairs first on their cars using car-comparator. If the cars are equal, it compares the cdrs using cdr-comparator.

`(make-improper-list-comparator element-comparator)`

Returns a comparator that compares arbitrary objects as follows: the empty list precedes all pairs, which precede all other objects. Pairs are compared as if with (make-pair-comparator element-comparator element-comparator). All other objects are compared using element-comparator.

`(make-selecting-comparator comparator1 comparator2 ...)`

Returns a comparator whose procedures make use of the comparators as follows:

The type test predicate passes its argument to the type test predicates of comparators in the sequence given. If any of them returns #t, so does the type test predicate; otherwise, it returns #f.

The arguments of the equality, compare, and hash functions are passed to the type test predicate of each comparator in sequence. The first comparator whose type test predicate is satisfied on all the arguments is used when comparing those arguments. All other comparators are ignored. If no type test predicate is satisfied, an error is signaled.

`(make-refining-comparator comparator1 comparator2 ...)`

Returns a comparator that makes use of the comparators in the same way as make-selecting-comparator, except that its procedures can look past the first comparator whose type test predicate is satisfied. If the comparison procedure of that comparator returns zero, then the next comparator whose type test predicate is satisfied is tried in place of it until one returns a non-zero value. If there are no more such comparators, then the comparison procedure returns zero. The equality predicate is defined in the same way. If no type test predicate is satisfied, an error is signaled.

The hash function of the result returns a value which depends, in an implementation-defined way, on the results of invoking the hash functions of the comparators whose type test predicates are satisfied on its argument. In particular, it may depend solely on the first or last such hash function. If no type test predicate is satisfied, an error is signaled.

This procedure is analogous to the expression type refine-compare from SRFI 67.

`(make-reverse-comparator comparator)`

Returns a comparator that behaves like comparator, except that the compare procedure returns 1, 0, and -1 instead of -1, 0, and 1 respectively. This allows ordering in reverse.

`(make-debug-comparator comparator)`

Returns a comparator that behaves exactly like comparator, except that whenever any of its procedures are invoked, it verifies all the programmer responsibilities (except stability), and an error is signaled if any of them are violated. Because it requires three arguments, transitivity is not tested on the first call to a debug comparator; it is tested on all future calls using an arbitrarily chosen argument from the previous invocation. Note that this may cause unexpected storage leaks.

`eq-comparator`

`eqv-comparator`

`equal-comparator`

The equality predicates of these comparators are eq?, eqv?, and equal? respectively. When their comparison procedures are applied to non-equal objects, their behavior is implementation-defined. The type test predicates always return #t.

These comparators accept circular structure (in the case of equal-comparator, provided the implementation's equal does so) and NaNs.

`(comparator-type-test-procedure comparator)`

Returns the type test predicate of comparator.

`(comparator-equality-predicate comparator)`

Returns the equality predicate of comparator.

`(comparator-comparison-procedure comparator)`

Returns the comparison procedure of comparator.

`(comparator-hash-function comparator)`

Returns the hash function of comparator.

`(comparator-test-type comparator obj)`

Invokes the type test predicate of comparator on obj and returns what it returns.

`(comparator-check-type comparator obj)`

Invokes the type test predicate of comparator on obj and returns true if it returns true and signals an error otherwise.

`(comparator-equal? comparator obj1 obj2)`

Invokes the equality predicate of comparator on obj1 and obj2 and returns what it returns.

`(comparator-compare comparator obj1 obj2)`

Invokes the comparison procedure of comparator on obj1 and obj2 and returns what it returns.

`(comparator-hash comparator obj)`

Invokes the hash function of comparator on obj and returns what it returns.

`(make-comparison< lt-pred)`

`(make-comparison> gt-pred)`

`(make-comparison<= le-pred)`

`(make-comparison>= ge-pred)`

`(make-comparison=/< eq-pred lt-pred)`

`(make-comparison=/> eq-pred gt-pred)`

These procedures return a comparison procedure, given a less-than predicate, a greater-than predicate, a less-than-or-equal-to predicate, a greater-than-or-equal-to predicate, or the combination of an equality predicate and either a less-than or a greater-than predicate.

`(if3 <expr> <less> <equal> <greater>)`

The expression `<expr>`

is evaluated; it will typically, but not
necessarily, be a call on a comparison procedure. If the result is -1,
`<less>`

is evaluated and its value(s) are returned; if the result is
0, `<equal>`

is evaluated and its value(s) are returned; if the result
is 1, `<greater>`

is evaluated and its value(s) are
returned. Otherwise an error is signaled.

`(if=? <expr> <consequent> [ <alternate> ])`

`(if<? <expr> <consequent> [ <alternate> ])`

`(if>? <expr> <consequent> [ <alternate> ])`

`(if<=? <expr> <consequent> [ <alternate> ])`

`(if>=? <expr> <consequent> [ <alternate> ])`

`(if-not=? <expr> <consequent> [ <alternate> ])`

The expression `<expr>`

is evaluated; it will typically, but not
necessarily, be a call on a comparison procedure. It is an error if
its value is not -1, 0, or 1. If the value is consistent with the
specified relation, `<consequent>`

is evaluated and its value(s) are
returned. Otherwise, if `<alternate>`

is present, it is evaluated and
its value(s) are returned; if it is absent, an unspecified value is
returned.

`(=? comparator object1 object2 object3 ...)`

`(<? comparator object1 object2 object3 ...)`

`(>? comparator object1 object2 object3 ...)`

`(<=? comparator object1 object2 object3 ...)`

`(>=? comparator object1 object2 object3 ...)`

These procedures are analogous to the number, character, and string comparison predicates of Scheme. They allow the convenient use of comparators in situations where the expression types are not usable. They are also analogous to the similarly named procedures SRFI 67, but handle arbitrary numbers of arguments, which in SRFI 67 requires the use of the variants whose names begin with chain.

These procedures apply the comparison procedure of comparator to the objects as follows. If the specified relation returns #t for all objecti and objectj where n is the number of objects and 1 <= i < j <= n, then the procedures return #t, but otherwise #f.

The order in which the values are compared is unspecified. Because the relations are transitive, it suffices to compare each object with its successor.

`(make=? comparator)`

`(make<? comparator)`

`(make>? comparator)`

`(make<=? comparator)`

`(make>=? comparator)`

These procedures return predicates which, when applied to two or more arguments, return #t if comparing obj1 and obj2 using the equality or comparison procedures of comparator shows that the objects bear the specified relation to one another. Such predicates can be used in contexts that do not understand or expect comparators.

`(in-open-interval? [comparator] obj1 obj2 obj3)`

Return #t if obj1 is less than obj2, which is less thanobj3, and #f otherwise.

`(in-closed-interval? [comparator] obj1 obj2 obj3)`

Returns #t if obj1 is less than or equal to obj2, which is less than or equal to obj3, and #f otherwise.

`(in-open-closed-interval? [comparator] obj1 obj2 obj3)`

Returns #t if obj1 is less than obj2, which is less than or equal to obj3, and #f otherwise.

`(in-closed-open-interval? [comparator] obj1 obj2 obj3)`

Returns #t if obj1 is less than or equal to obj2, which is less than obj3, and #f otherwise.

`(comparator-min comparator object1 object2 ...)`

`(comparator-max comparator object1 object2 ...)`

These procedures are analogous to min and max respectively. They apply the comparison procedure of comparator to the objects to find and return a minimal (or maximal) object. The order in which the values are compared is unspecified.