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`(scheme set)`

This library is based on SRFI-113.

Sets and bags (also known as multisets) are unordered collections that can contain any Scheme object. Sets enforce the constraint that no two elements can be the same in the sense of the set's associated equality predicate; bags do not.

`(set comparator element ... )`

Returns a newly allocated empty set. The comparator argument is a SRFI 114 comparator, which is used to control and distinguish the elements of the set. The elements are used to initialize the set.

`(set-unfold comparator stop? mapper successor seed)`

Create a newly allocated set as if by set using comparator. If the result of applying the predicate stop? to seed is true, return the set. Otherwise, apply the procedure mapper to seed. The value that mapper returns is added to the set. Then get a new seed by applying the procedure successor to seed, and repeat this algorithm. Predicates

`(set? obj)`

Returns #t if obj is a set, and #f otherwise.

`(set-contains? set element)`

Returns #t if element is a member of set and #f otherwise.

`(set-empty? set)`

Returns #t if set has no elements and #f otherwise.

`(set-disjoint? set1 set2)`

Returns #t if set1 and set2 have no elements in common and #f otherwise.

`(set-member set element default)`

Returns the element of set that is equal, in the sense of set's equality predicate, to element. If element is not a member of set, default is returned.

`(set-element-comparator set)`

Returns the comparator used to compare the elements of set.

`(set-adjoin set element ...)`

The set-adjoin procedure returns a newly allocated set that uses the same comparator as set and contains all the values of set, and in addition each element unless it is already equal (in the sense of the comparator) to one of the existing or newly added members. It is an error to add an element to set that does not return #t when passed to the type test procedure of the comparator.

`(set-adjoin! set element ...)`

The set-adjoin! procedure is the same as set-adjoin, except that it is permitted to mutate and return the set argument rather than allocating a new set.

`(set-replace set element)`

The set-replace procedure returns a newly allocated set that uses the same comparator as set and contains all the values of set except as follows: If element is equal (in the sense of set's comparator) to an existing member of set, then that member is omitted and replaced by element. If there is no such element in set, then set is returned unchanged.

`(set-replace! set element)`

The set-replace! procedure is the same asset-replace, except that it is permitted to mutate and return the set argument rather than allocating a new set.

`(set-delete set element ...)`

`(set-delete! set element ...)`

`(set-delete-all set element-list)`

`(set-delete-all! set element-list)`

The set-delete procedure returns a newly allocated set containing all the values of set except for any that are equal (in the sense of set's comparator) to one or more of the elements. Any element that is not equal to some member of the set is ignored.

The set-delete! procedure is the same as set-delete, except that it is permitted to mutate and return the set argument rather than allocating a new set.

The set-delete-all and set-delete-all! procedures are the same as set-delete and set-delete!, except that they accept a single argument which is a list of elements to be deleted.

`(set-search! set element failure success)`

The set is searched for element. If it is not found, then the failure procedure is tail-called with two continuation arguments, insert and ignore, and is expected to tail-call one of them. If element is found, then the success procedure is tail-called with the matching element of set and two continuations, update and remove, and is expected to tail-call one of them.

The effects of the continuations are as follows (where obj is any Scheme object):

Invoking (insert obj) causes element to be inserted into set.

Invoking (ignore obj) causes set to remain unchanged.

Invoking (update new-element obj) causes new-element to be inserted into set in place of element.

Invoking (remove obj) causes the matching element of set to be removed from it.

In all cases, two values are returned: the possibly updated set and obj.

`(set-size set)`

Returns the number of elements in set as an exact integer.

`(set-find predicate set failure)`

Returns an arbitrarily chosen element of set that satisfies predicate, or the result of invoking failure with no arguments if there is none.

`(set-count predicate set)`

Returns the number of elements of set that satisfy predicate as an exact integer.

`(set-any? predicate set)`

Returns #t if any element of set satisfies predicate, or #f otherwise. Note that this differs from the SRFI 1 analogue because it does not return an element of the set.

`(set-every? predicate set)`

Returns #t if every element of set satisfies predicate, or #f otherwise. Note that this differs from the SRFI 1 analogue because it does not return an element of the set.

`(set-map comparator proc set)`

Applies proc to each element of set in arbitrary order and returns a newly allocated set, created as if by (set comparator), which contains the results of the applications. For example:

```
(set-map string-ci-comparator symbol->string (set eq? 'foo 'bar 'baz))
=> (set string-ci-comparator "foo" "bar" "baz")
```

Note that, when proc defines a mapping that is not 1:1, some of the mapped objects may be equivalent in the sense of comparator's equality predicate, and in this case duplicate elements are omitted as in the set constructor. For example:

```
(set-map (lambda (x) (quotient x 2))
integer-comparator
(set integer-comparator 1 2 3 4 5))
=> (set integer-comparator 0 1 2)
```

If the elements are the same in the sense of eqv?, it is unpredictable which one will be preserved in the result.

`(set-for-each proc set)`

Applies proc to set in arbitrary order, discarding the returned values. Returns an unspecified result.

`(set-fold proc nil set)`

Invokes proc on each member of set in arbitrary order, passing the result of the previous invocation as a second argument. For the first invocation, nil is used as the second argument. Returns the result of the last invocation, or nil if there was no invocation.

`(set-filter predicate set)`

Returns a newly allocated set with the same comparator as set, containing just the elements of set that satisfy predicate.

`(set-filter! predicate set)`

A linear update procedure that returns a set containing just the elements of set that satisfy predicate.

`(set-remove predicate set)`

Returns a newly allocated set with the same comparator as set, containing just the elements of set that do not satisfy predicate.

`(set-remove! predicate set)`

A linear update procedure that returns a set containing just the elements of set that do not satisfy predicate.

`(set-partition predicate set)`

Returns two values: a newly allocated set with the same comparator as set that contains just the elements of set that satisfy predicate, and another newly allocated set, also with the same comparator, that contains just the elements of set that do not satisfy predicate.

`(set-partition! predicate set)`

A linear update procedure that returns two sets containing the elements of set that do and do not, respectively, not satisfy predicate.

`(set-copy set)`

Returns a newly allocated set containing the elements of set, and using the same comparator.

`(set->list set)`

Returns a newly allocated list containing the members of set in unspecified order.

`(list->set comparator list)`

Returns a newly allocated set, created as if by set using comparator, that contains the elements of list. Duplicate elements (in the sense of the equality predicate) are omitted.

`(list->set! set list)`

Returns a set that contains the elements of both set and list. Duplicate elements (in the sense of the equality predicate) are omitted.

`(set=? set1 set2 ...)`

Returns #t if each set contains the same elements.

`(set<? set1 set2 ...)`

Returns #t if each set other than the last is a proper subset of the following set, and #f otherwise.

`(set>? set1 set2 ...)`

Returns #t if each set other than the last is a proper superset of the following set, and #f otherwise.

`(set<=? set1 set2 ...)`

Returns #t if each set other than the last is a subset of the following set, and #f otherwise.

`(set>=? set1 set2 ...)`

Returns #t if each set other than the last is a superset of the following set, and #f otherwise.

`(set-union set1 set2 ...)`

`(set-intersection set1 set2 ...)`

`(set-difference set1 set2 ...)`

`(set-xor set1 set2)`

Return a newly allocated set that is the union, intersection, asymmetric difference, or symmetric difference of the sets. Asymmetric difference is extended to more than two sets by taking the difference between the first set and the union of the others. Symmetric difference is not extended beyond two sets. Elements in the result set are drawn from the first set in which they appear.

`(set-union! set1 set2 ...)`

`(set-intersection! set1 set2 ...)`

`(set-difference! set1 set2 ...)`

`(set-xor! set1 set2)`

Linear update procedures returning a set that is the union, intersection, asymmetric difference, or symmetric difference of the sets. Asymmetric difference is extended to more than two sets by taking the difference between the first set and the union of the others. Symmetric difference is not extended beyond two sets. Elements in the result set are drawn from the first set in which they appear.

`(bag comparator element ...)`

`(bag-unfold ...)`

`(bag? obj)`

`(bag-contains? ...)`

`(bag-member ...)`

`(bag-adjoin ...)`

`(bag-adjoin! ...)`

`(bag-replace ...)`

`(bag-replace! ...)`

`(bag-delete ...)`

`(bag-delete! ...)`

`(bag-delete-all ...)`

`(bag-delete-all! ...)`

`(bag-search! ...)`

`(bag-size ...)`

`(bag-find ...)`

`(bag-count ...)`

`(bag-any? ...)`

`(bag-every? ...)`

`(bag-map ...)`

`(bag-for-each ...)`

`(bag-fold ...)`

`(bag-filter ...)`

`(bag-remove ...)`

`(bag-partition ...)`

`(bag-filter! ...)`

`(bag-remove! ...)`

`(bag-partition! ...)`

`(bag-copy ...)`

`(bag->list ...)`

`(list->bag ...)`

`(list->bag! ...)`

`(bag=? ...)`

`(bag<? ...)`

`(bag>? ...)`

`(bag<=? ...)`

`(bag>=? ...)`

`(bag-union ...)`

`(bag-intersection ...)`

`(bag-difference ...)`

`(bag-xor ...)`

`(bag-union! ...)`

`(bag-intersection! ...)`

`(bag-difference! ...)`

`(bag-xor! ...)`

`(bag-sum set1 set2 ... )`

`(bag-sum! bag1 bag2 ... )`

The bag-sum procedure returns a newly allocated bag containing all the unique elements in all the bags, such that the count of each unique element in the result is equal to the sum of the counts of that element in the arguments. It differs from bag-union by treating identical elements as potentially distinct rather than attempting to match them up.

The bag-sum! procedure is equivalent except that it is linear-update.

`(bag-product n bag)`

`(bag-product! n bag)`

The bag-product procedure returns a newly allocated bag containing all the unique elements in bag, where the count of each unique element in the bag is equal to the count of that element in bag multiplied by n.

The bag-product! procedure is equivalent except that it is linear-update.

`(bag-unique-size bag)`

Returns the number of unique elements of bag.

`(bag-element-count bag element)`

Returns an exact integer representing the number of times that element appears in bag.

`(bag-for-each-unique proc bag)`

Applies proc to each unique element of bag in arbitrary order, passing the element and the number of times it occurs in bag, and discarding the returned values. Returns an unspecified result.

`(bag-fold-unique proc nil bag)`

Invokes proc on each unique element of bag in arbitrary order, passing the number of occurrences as a second argument and the result of the previous invocation as a third argument. For the first invocation, nil is used as the third argument. Returns the result of the last invocation.

`(bag-increment! bag element count)`

`(bag-decrement! bag element count)`

Linear update procedures that return a bag with the same elements as bag, but with the element count of element in bag increased or decreased by the exact integer count (but not less than zero).

`(bag->set bag)`

`(set->bag set)`

`(set->bag! bag set)`

The bag->set procedure returns a newly allocated set containing the unique elements (in the sense of the equality predicate) of bag. The set->bag procedure returns a newly allocated bag containing the elements of set. The set->bag! procedure returns a bag containing the elements of both bag and set. In all cases, the comparator of the result is the same as the comparator of the argument or arguments.

`(bag->alist bag)`

`(alist->bag comparator alist)`

The bag->alist procedure returns a newly allocated alist whose keys are the unique elements of bag and whose values are the number of occurrences of each element. The alist->bag returning a newly allocated bag based on comparator, where the keys of alist specify the elements and the corresponding values of alist specify how many times they occur. Comparators

`set-comparator`

`bag-comparator`

Note that these comparators do not provide comparison procedures, as there is no ordering between sets or bags. It is an error to compare sets or bags with different element comparators.